12 images of the universe from the Hubble Space Telescope
The Hubble Space Telescope was launched on April 24, 1990, by Space Shuttle Discovery. The first of NASA’s Great Observatories was this orbital telescope, Here I will show you the best images from the hubble telescope.
HST has been providing astronomers with remarkable scientific data on anything from solar system objects to some of the cosmos’ most distant galaxies for more than 30 years. Below I have mentioned the 12 Best Images from the hubble telescope.
Hubble was named after American astronomer Edwin Hubble, who helped prove that the universe is far larger than the Milky Way and that it is expanding in the early twentieth century.
NASA and the European Space Agency jointly run the HST, which was built to be serviced by astronauts.
In 1993, NASA astronauts installed more mirrors to compensate for the defects, and they improved other scientific instruments five times, the most recent of which was in 2009.
Meanwhile, no plans to create a comparable space telescope are in the works, so astronomy and non-scientists alike hope the Hubble telescope will continue to operate indefinitely. Here you see the Best images from the Hubble Telescope.
Pillars of Creation
The “Pillars of Creation,” a section of the Eagle Nebula, is perhaps Hubble’s most famous Arecibo photograph. The Eagle Nebula is a Milky Way star-forming area or a cold cloud of gas and dust dense enough for gravity to take hold and collapse material into new stars.
The nebula is being eroded away by ultraviolet radiation from these newborn stars, leaving the image’s wonderfully formed pillars.
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A Cosmic Explosion’s Prelude (1995)
The unimpressive star Eta Carina in the southern constellation Carina brightened dramatically in the early 1800s, momentarily reaching the second-brightest star in the entire sky before fading.
Later investigations, like the one that resulted in this iconic Hubble image, revealed that Eta Carina is actually two giant stars losing materials in two vast lobes of gas. These stars are thought to be unstable and will eventually explode in a supernova, according to astronomers.
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Infrared image of the Eagle Nebula (2015)
The Eagle Nebula’s thick gas and dust are opaque to visible light but transparent to infrared. Hubble’s infrared image of the Pillars of Creation reveals that they are home to more gas-wrapped newborn stars of Celestron Nexstar.
The Giant Next Door (images from the Hubble telescope) (2015)
The Andromeda Galaxy (commonly known as M31) is the closest big galaxy to our Milky Way, close enough for astronomers to distinguish individual stars.
This Hubble mosaic of Andromeda is the largest image the Tesco Telescope has ever taken with over 100 million visible stars. M31 is a spiral galaxy, like the Milky Way, with many of its brightest stars concentrated in arms spiraling out from the galactic center.
The Planetary King (2017)
While much of Hubble’s work has focused on faraway stars and galaxies, the observatory has also yielded a wealth of data about our own solar system.
The HST program is tracking changes in the atmospheres of the huge outer planets, and this image of Jupiter from 2017 is part of that effort. Astronomers are particularly interested in how Jupiter’s famed Great Red Spot (known since Galileo’s time) is decreasing.
The Auroras of Jupiter (2016)
Auroras are created when electrically charged particles collide with the atmosphere of a planet. These are the northern and southern lights that may be seen at high latitudes on Earth; Jupiter, as a much larger planet with a massive magnetic field, has proportionally larger auroras.
Hubble’s ultraviolet sensor photographed Jupiter’s auroras, and this image was created by superimposing the UV image atop a visible-light photo. The Starscope was built up to keep up an eye on you and you’re traveling
Colliding Galaxies (best images from the Hubble telescope) (2010)
The Antennae Galaxies are a pair of galaxies colliding over hundreds of millions of years. This graphic combines photos from NASA’s Great Observatories—Hubble (visible light), Spitzer Infrared Observatory (infrared), and Chandra X-ray Observatory (X-rays)—to show how these three world-class space observatories interact.
It’s Packed with Galaxies (1996)
In 1996, astronomers directed the Hubble Space Monocular Telescope (HST) at a small telescopes, inconspicuous patch of sky completely devoid of stars and photographed it for ten days to obtain a crisp view far into the cosmos.
The Hubble Deep Field Survey is made up of 342 pictures from the project and contains around 3,000 distinct galaxies that are billions of light-years away.
Explosion Reverberations (2010)
Supernova 1987A, the explosion of a huge star, was discovered by astronomers in the neighboring galaxy of the Large Magellan Cloud in early 1987.
Astronomers have been able to trace the aftereffects of the explosion because it is the nearest supernova in modern times. The material slammed into clumps of gas in the surrounding region, producing beads of light.
That images from the Hubble telescope from 2010 show expanding bubbles of matter blasted away from the dying star, producing beads of light when the material slammed into clumps of gas in the surrounding region.
Another Star’s First Picture (1996)
Despite the capabilities of advanced telescopes such as the HST, most stars other than the sun are too far away to be anything more than light spots.
Betelgeuse is so massive that it is no longer spherical, as shown in the diagram; in 2020, debris expelled from the star blocked enough of its light that it diminished visibly.
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Pluto has a total of five moons (2012)
Before the New Horizons spacecraft arrived on Pluto in 2015, astronomers used the Hubble Space Telescope to survey the dwarf planet for any potential dangers.
This view from 2012 shows Pluto’s five moons, including Styx, a previously undiscovered fifth moon. The moons Nix, Hydra, and Kerberos, which are too tiny to be viewed with less powerful telescopes, were also discovered using Hubble.
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An Hourglass and a Dying Star (1996)
Smaller stars, such as our sun, do not explode as supernovas but instead leak matter as they die. Some of them form “planetary nebulas,” such as the Hourglass Nebula, which is made up of two interconnected gas bubbles.
The best images from the hubble telescope colors correspond to the presence of specific types of atoms or molecules: green for hydrogen, red for nitrogen, and blue for ionized oxygen.
Because Hubble doesn’t “see” color the way we do, the image colors (and many other images in this slideshow) have an eerie effect.